Posts for category: Foot Care
As an adult, your foot pressure is around 2.5lbs per square inch. That means your feet take a beating, especially if you run, walk, or stand on your feet all day. There are also 26 bones in your feet, which makes them vulnerable to injury. Foot pain can have several causes including poorly fitting shoes, injury, and health conditions such as diabetes.
Dr. Dennis Bizzoco and his partner, Dr. Brian K. Burgan, are board-certified podiatrists at Associates at Foot and Ankle Care Inc, located in Chattanooga. They specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of all types of foot pain.
The Most Common Causes of Foot Pain
Here’s a rundown on some of the most common causes of pain in your feet.
- Achilles tendinitis: The Achilles tendon joins the lower calf muscles to the heel bone. With overuse, it can become inflamed and painful. This condition is common in runners and middle-aged people who are not active periodically.
- Bunions: A bunion is a firm swelling on the base of the big toe. It occurs when the bones in that area of your foot move out of place, causing your big toe to be pulled out of alignment. It can cause soreness and stiffness in your foot.
- Bone spurs: A bone spur is a small bony projection that develops on the back of your heel. The most common cause of bone spurs is osteoarthritis, which can cause damage to your joints. This condition can cause pain when you walk or stand.
- Bursitis: Heel bursitis occurs when the small sacs of fluid that cushion your joints become inflamed. This condition can cause pain on the top of your foot and around your heel.
- Hammertoe: Hammertoe can be caused by ill-fitting shoes, injury to your foot, or a deformity in the structure of your foot. It develops when the ligaments, tendons, or muscles that keep your toes in alignment become unbalanced drawing the middle joint of the affected toe upwards.
- Plantar fasciitis: The plantar fascia is the strip of tissue that connects your heel to your toes. When this tissue is overstretched, it can become inflamed and swollen. This condition causes stabbing pain in the heel that is usually worse in the morning or when you stand from sitting.
Don’t let foot pain get you down—visit one of our Chattanooga podiatrists. They will be able to diagnose the cause of the pain and help you deal with it.
If you are suffering from foot pain and you live in or around Chattanooga, TN, call Dr. Bizzoco or Dr. Burgan today at (423) 855-0728.
Do you have pain in the ball of your foot? For some people, it comes from simple calluses. For others, it's an inflammatory condition known as metatarsalgia. Here at Associates in Foot and Ankle Care in Chattanooga, TN, your podiatrists, Dr. Dennis Bizzoco and Dr. Brian Burgan, see this foot pain quite frequently, and they know how to help. Would you like to feel better?
More about metatarsalgia
The metatarsal bones are the long, tube-like bones in the midfoot. Overuse through sports, work, arthritis, or even wearing high-heels, can all lead to the characteristic pain and inflammation of metatarsalgia. While symptoms may come on slowly, they can accelerate with increased activity, and are often accompanied by numbness.
Who can develop metatarsalgia? Really, anyone can, but as with most podiatric conditions, age is a predisposing factor. Additionally, athletes often experience this type of foot pain, as repetitive physical activity can abuse the ball of the foot. Health conditions such as gout, arthritis, and diabetes may also accompany metatarsalgia.
Diagnosing the problem
When a patient comes into our Chattanooga office with pain in the ball of the foot, Dr. Bizzoco and Dr. Burgan look at several factors during a consultation. Of course, a simple physical exam and review of symptoms comes initially, and if necessary, your podiatrist may perform an X-ray screening, ultrasound tests, or even an MRI to rule out fractures or other issues.
As with most inflammatory conditions of the foot, rest and lifestyle adjustments are important. In fact, sometimes these simple interventions are all that it takes to stop the pain.
Other times, however, metarsalgia requires consistent and more long-term treatment strategies, including:
- Changing footwear to something with better cushioning
- Icing the ball of the foot several times a day
- Taking over-the-counter ibuprofen to control pain and inflammation
- Wearing arch supports (customized shoe orthotics)
- Keeping a healthy weight
- Wearing shoes with heels no higher than two inches
Find out more
If you suspect that you may be dealing with metatarsalgia or another podiatric issue, please contact Associates in Foot and Ankle Care in Chattanooga, TN. Call the office at (423) 855-0728. You'll get the help you need!
Dealing with foot wounds? Here’s what you should do.
If you are dealing with an open wound or ulcer on your foot you may be wondering how this happened, what you can do to treat the problem and whether you should visit our Chattanooga, TN, podiatrists Dr. Dennis Bizzoco and Dr. Brian Burgan for treatment. Here are the most commonly asked questions regarding podiatric wound care.
What are the symptoms of an ulcer?
If you have an ulcer not only will you have an open wound but also you may notice redness, drainage, and callused skin around the ulcer. Sometimes you may even experience pain; however, pain doesn’t always need to be present.
What can cause a foot ulcer?
When people think about foot ulcers they often think about diabetes. After all, this is a common complication of having diabetes. This is why it’s so important that you seek immediate foot care from our Chattanooga, TN, foot doctor if you notice a diabetic foot ulcer. The sooner you seek treatment the better.
Foot ulcers or open wounds can also develop as a result of poorly fitted shoes or an injury. Along with diabetes, patients who’ve been diagnosed with neuropathy or a vascular disease are also at risk of developing foot ulcers.
What are the warning signs of an infection?
If you notice a foul-smelling discharge coming from the wound, if the ulcer is painful to the touch or you are experiencing fever or chills these are definite warning signs of an infection.
When should I see a podiatrist?
If you are dealing with an open wound on your foot and you have diabetes, nerve damage, or a circulation disorder then the sooner you seek professional care the better. Once you notice any changes in your feet it’s important that you call us right away.
How is a foot ulcer treated?
To treat an ulcer a foot specialist will need to remove any diseased or unhealthy tissue before disinfecting the open wound. Special padding may be applied to the area to protect the wound while it heals. You may also need to wear special shoes. If there is an infection present, your foot doctor will prescribe antibiotics.
If you have diabetes and you notice any changes in the health of your feet it’s important that you take your symptoms seriously. Call Associates in Foot and Ankle Care in Chattanooga, TN, to ask any questions about wound care today.
If you're like most athletes, you're probably anxious to get back to your favorite sport after an injury. However, returning too soon or failing to receive the treatment you need can derail your recovery. Fortunately, your Chattanooga, TN, podiatrists, Drs. Dennis Bizzoco and Brian Burgan, treat a range of sports injuries and can help ensure that you are fully healed and ready to hit the court, track, or playing field again.
Why treatment is important
Continuing to train or participate in your favorite sport despite pain can cause lifelong issues, such as arthritis or chronic pain. Ignoring pain won't make you tougher, although it will likely lead to even more injuries. This is why it's so important to visit our Chattanooga office before returning to the field—we can make sure that you are in top shape and won't accidentally reinjure yourself.
Types of sports injuries that we can treat
Podiatrists treat many types of foot and ankle sports injuries, including:
- Sprains: Stretching or tearing the ligaments in your foot or ankle can cause painful sprains. If you have severe pain or your injury doesn't improve in a week or two, your foot doctor may recommend that you wear a brace or walking boot and possibly use crutches while your injury heals. Physical therapy may also be recommended.
- Fractures: Fracture symptoms include an inability to bear weight on your foot, severe pain, bruising, and, in some cases, a noticeable deformity. Call your podiatrist right away if you experience any of these signs and symptoms. Boots, casts, crutches and possibly surgery may be needed if you have a fracture.
- Stress Fractures: These small bone cracks occur when you train too hard or for too long. Pain may also worsen after you've been active, and you may notice swelling in your foot or ankle. Rest and ice can be helpful, although you may still need a cast, boot, or crutches to reduce pressure on your foot or ankle.
- Heel Pain: Heel pain often occurs due to overuse injuries. The pain can be caused by plantar fasciitis, Achilles tendon issues or bursitis. In addition to resting your foot and ankle, you may benefit from orthotics, night splints, corticosteroid injections, physical therapy, or surgery (in the most severe cases).
Give us a call!
Don't let sports injuries keep you on the couch. Call your Chattanooga, TN, podiatrists, Drs. Dennis Bizzoco and Brian Burgan, at (423) 855-0728 to schedule an appointment.
How your podiatrists in Chattanooga, Tennessee can help your feet
Your feet play an important role in your life. They are responsible for your stability and carrying your weight. They help you get through your daily activities, so they deserve special treatment and a little TLC. They need even more care if you are one of the many people who are diabetic. Dr. Dennis Bizzoco and Dr. Brian Burgan at Associates In Foot And Ankle Care in Chattanooga, Tennessee can help keep your feet healthy.
The effects of diabetes are far reaching. Diabetes affects your immune, circulatory, and nervous systems, creating problems affecting normal function. These problems often show up in your extremities, including your feet.
It’s easy to injure your feet and you may not even realize it because your nervous system is compromised. Lack of blood flow can cause tissue damage, and immune system changes mean that if you do injure your feet, the injury may not heal properly and you can develop an open, painful diabetic sore or ulcer.
If you are diabetic, it’s good to know the basics of keeping your feet healthy. Remember to:
- Wash your feet daily in warm water using mild soap
- Moisturize your feet with lotion or cream after washing
- Examine your feet daily with a hand mirror for any small cuts or blisters
- See your foot doctor to have your toenails clipped safely
- Avoid walking around barefoot
- Wear comfortable, supportive shoes and socks
If you are dealing with any type of wound, it’s time to call the experts, your podiatrists. They have several excellent treatments to get you back on your feet. They may recommend:
- Oral or topical antibiotics to eliminate infection
- Topical medications to reduce wound pain
- Protective bandaging
You don’t have to let diabetic foot problems interfere with your life. Instead, just pick up your phone and call Dr. Dennis Bizzoco and Dr. Brian Burgan at Associates In Foot And Ankle Care in Chattanooga, Tennessee. Call now and help your feet!