When it comes to your feet, even small cuts, blisters, or nicks from clippers can ulcerate and become difficult to treat if you have diabetes. That's why Dr. Dennis Bizzoco and Dr. Brian Burgan, podiatrists at Associates in Foot and Ankle in Chattanooga, Tennessee, believe in educating their patients about the importance of wound care and how to prevent foot wounds from emerging. These issues are discussed in this article.
Why is wound care so important?
Quick and efficient management of wounds, particularly on the legs and feet, is essential for people with diabetes. This is due to the lack of normal circulation to the extremities, which slows healing and leaves the wound open to infection. Nerve damage, known as neuropathy, is also common in people with diabetes. This results in a reduction in pain signals, which further complicates the healing process and can lead to extensive infections that are difficult to treat and may require amputation in some cases. As you'll learn from your Chattanooga podiatrist in the next section, wound care isn't just about treating existing wounds; it's often focused on the prevention of injuries.
How can I prevent foot wounds?
One of the most effective ways to prevent emergent foot wounds is by wearing closed-toe shoes at all times. This includes inside your home; your Chattanooga podiatrist can make suggestions about the best brands and styles of house shoes for you. It's also important to make sure you wear shoes and socks that are clean and fit well. Washing your feet daily with a mild soap and warm water is also beneficial; it's during that time that you can look and feel for any developing problems on the tops, sides, and bottoms of your feet. A mirror can help you check the places you can't easily see.
What is the treatment for foot wounds?
If you notice even a minor foot injury, or any swelling or pain develops, it's important to contact Associates in Foot and Ankle Care immediately for guidance and possibly an appointment with your Chattanooga podiatrist. Medications may be prescribed and dressings may be applied; you may also need to wear certain types of footwear to take pressure off the foot and promote healing. It's also essential to work alongside other medical professionals to make sure your diet, your glucose levels, and other aspects of your diabetes are managed as well.
If you're a diabetic person in the Chattanooga area and need to establish yourself with a podiatrist, contact Associates in Foot and Ankle Care to make an appointment with Dr. Bizzoco or Dr. Burgan today. We can be reached at (423) 855-0728.
The human foot is composed of about 26 joints, 33 bones, and over a hundred muscles, ligaments, and tendons. Therefore, when one of these mechanisms accrues an injury, you'll know. Fractures can occur in these specific areas, and the severity can range from what's called a hairline (minimum) to stress (extreme). For patients who experience foot fractures, Dr. Dennis L. Bizzoco or Dr. Brian K. Burgan will always explore non-invasive treatment options before suggesting alternatives. If you live near our Chattanooga, TN, office, please schedule your consultation today.
Common Symptoms for Foot Fractures
Signs and symptoms of what's also known as "broken foot syndrome" are pretty apparent, but the most frequent to occur are:
- Broken skin or open wound
- Pain, swelling, bruising, or tenderness
- The sound or sensation of a snap or grinding
- Difficulty walking or bearing weight on the foot
- Feeling faint, dizzy, or nauseous following the injury
Different Types of Foot Fractures
Diagnosing foot fractures requires x-rays and a physical examination from your podiatrist. The severity, prognosis, and treatment will depend on the location of the injury. You may visit our Chattanooga, TN, office to discuss treatment options for the following types of foot fractures:
- Toe - These lower limb fractures are frequently caused by axial force such as stubbing.
- Ankle - Typically require immediate medical attention due to ligament separation or bone misalignment.
- Sesamoid - A direct impact on these small round bones near the end of the big toe can be acute or chronic.
- Metatarsal - Resulting from physical trauma, these fractures often occur when a fragment of bone tears away from the main mass of bone.
Treatment options often include splints, casts, or padded inserts, but more severe cases may require surgery.
When to Visit a Podiatrist
You should schedule a consultation with Dr. Dennis L. Bizzoco or Dr. Brian K. Burgan if you notice any of the symptoms mentioned above. If it hurts to apply pressure on the foot/ankle or you experience difficulty walking, don't ignore these symptoms—visit our Chattanooga, TN, office immediately. For more information about fractures, the other conditions we treat, and the services we provide, visit our website. For appointment scheduling, please call (423) 855-0728.
As an adult, your foot pressure is around 2.5lbs per square inch. That means your feet take a beating, especially if you run, walk, or stand on your feet all day. There are also 26 bones in your feet, which makes them vulnerable to injury. Foot pain can have several causes including poorly fitting shoes, injury, and health conditions such as diabetes.
Dr. Dennis Bizzoco and his partner, Dr. Brian K. Burgan, are board-certified podiatrists at Associates at Foot and Ankle Care Inc, located in Chattanooga. They specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of all types of foot pain.
The Most Common Causes of Foot Pain
Here’s a rundown on some of the most common causes of pain in your feet.
- Achilles tendinitis: The Achilles tendon joins the lower calf muscles to the heel bone. With overuse, it can become inflamed and painful. This condition is common in runners and middle-aged people who are not active periodically.
- Bunions: A bunion is a firm swelling on the base of the big toe. It occurs when the bones in that area of your foot move out of place, causing your big toe to be pulled out of alignment. It can cause soreness and stiffness in your foot.
- Bone spurs: A bone spur is a small bony projection that develops on the back of your heel. The most common cause of bone spurs is osteoarthritis, which can cause damage to your joints. This condition can cause pain when you walk or stand.
- Bursitis: Heel bursitis occurs when the small sacs of fluid that cushion your joints become inflamed. This condition can cause pain on the top of your foot and around your heel.
- Hammertoe: Hammertoe can be caused by ill-fitting shoes, injury to your foot, or a deformity in the structure of your foot. It develops when the ligaments, tendons, or muscles that keep your toes in alignment become unbalanced drawing the middle joint of the affected toe upwards.
- Plantar fasciitis: The plantar fascia is the strip of tissue that connects your heel to your toes. When this tissue is overstretched, it can become inflamed and swollen. This condition causes stabbing pain in the heel that is usually worse in the morning or when you stand from sitting.
Don’t let foot pain get you down—visit one of our Chattanooga podiatrists. They will be able to diagnose the cause of the pain and help you deal with it.
If you are suffering from foot pain and you live in or around Chattanooga, TN, call Dr. Bizzoco or Dr. Burgan today at (423) 855-0728.
Fractures, commonly known as broken bones, are actually common. This is especially true for the feet since they’re very susceptible to twisting and slipping. We use them daily to get us around and they have to contend with all our walking, running, skipping, hopping, etc. So it’s only natural that you get a foot fracture from time to time. If you’ve yet to consult our podiatrists, Dr. Dennis Bizzoco and Dr. Brian Burgan, here at the Associates in Foot and Ankle Care, Inc. in Chattanooga, TN, about your foot fracture, here are some practical tips to manage it.
Home Remedies for Foot Fractures
First aid for foot fractures you can do at home is all about elevating and stabilizing the affected foot, which you can do with the following tips:
- Never force yourself to walk on your injured foot to ease pain and prevent further complications.
- Elevate your injured foot, whether you’re sitting down or lying down, to alleviate pain and swelling.
- To keep your fractured foot from moving, use a DIY splint. Simply wrap a pillow around your foot and then tie or tape it with a bandage to secure it.
- You can take OTC painkillers like acetaminophen or NSAIDs (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) like naproxen or ibuprofen to minimize inflammation and pain.
- To reduce swelling and pain right after your injury, wrap some ice in a clean towel and apply it for 20 minutes every hour at least for one day.
Depending on the specific injury, foot fractures particularly on the toes, heal properly even if they’re broken. But if your toe looks like it’s pointing in a weird direction, appears deformed in some way, or if your symptoms persist, go to your podiatrist in Chattanooga, TN, right away.
Medical Treatment for Foot Fractures
Basically, your treatment will heavily depend on which specific bone is broken and the manner by which it was broken. For example, certain fractures could be treated with flat-bottom footwear and crutches, some will require boots, casts, or splints, while others may only get better with surgery. Follow-up checkups with your podiatrist are very crucial, especially if you have trouble moving your foot or walking or are still feeling pain to help make certain that you prevent reinjury and heal properly.
In addition, if you develop these symptoms, go to the emergency department immediately:
- The pain in your injured foot is severe.
- Your injured foot is numb, cold, and/or blue.
- Your foot looks deformed or misshapen.
- There’s a huge open wound or cut close to the fracture.
- You feel that you require immediate medical treatment for some reason.
Concerned About Foot Fractures?
Schedule a checkup with Dr. Dennis Bizzoco or Dr. Brian Burgan here at the Associates in Foot and Ankle Care, Inc. in Chattanooga, TN. Dial (423) 855-0728 for more details.
Would you like to learn more about diabetic wound care?
Diabetics are more susceptible to a variety of foot problems than the other members of the population. Fortunately, here at Associates In Foot and Ankle Care, Inc. in Chattanooga, TN, Drs. Dennis Bizzoco and Brian Burgan are here to help boost your podiatric health.
How to examine diabetic feet
Regularly inspecting feet is one of the easiest, least expensive and most effective preventative measures. Finding injuries is key because diabetics are incredibly susceptible to peripheral neuropathy (i.e. nerve damage).
When examining feet for poor circulation or loss of sensation, notice the following:
- temperature changes
- skin color
Your Chattanooga podiatrist also provides annual examinations that detect any signs of changes like broken skin, ulcers, high blood pressure, or loss of blood circulation, which may result in detrimental foot injuries.
Wound care and prevention
Diabetes detrimentally affects the nervous, immune, and circulatory systems, when there's a wound or an ulcer. Some ways to prevent diabetic ulcers and other foot wounds is to be sure to wash your feet with warm water and soap daily, as well as moisturize them afterward. Additionally, make sure that you trim toenails to prevent ingrown toenails, infections, and nail fungus, and wear moisture-wicking socks/comfortable shoes to prevent damage. Avoiding walking barefoot is also a good option/preventative measure.
Other ways to protect feet include:
Diabetic wound care is simple but very important. If not done on a regular basis or properly, people may suffer from serious complications.
- Buy comfortable shoes, not too tight or too loose
- Wear clean, dry socks everyday
- Never walk barefoot to avoid cuts and lacerations from harmful objects
If you do develop a wound, contact our office.
Give us a call
For more information on diabetic foot care and how to treat/care foot wounds, make sure that you consult your Chattanooga, TN, podiatrists by calling Associates In Foot and Ankle Care, Inc. at (423) 855-0728 today!
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